Accessorial Charges (also called “Assessorial Charges”)
Charges made for performing services beyond normal pickup and delivery
such as inside delivery or storage charges.
Air Freight Forwarder
An air freight forwarder provides pickup and delivery service under its
own tariff, consolidates shipments into larger units, prepares shipping
documentation, and tenders shipments to the airlines. Air freight forwarders
do not generally operate their own aircraft and may therefore be called "indirect
air carriers." Because the air freight forwarder tenders the shipment,
the airlines consider the forwarder to be the shipper.
Bill of Lading
A bill of lading is a binding contract that serves three main purposes:
(1) a receipt for the goods delivered to the carrier for shipment; (2)
a definition or description of the goods; and (3) evidence of title to
the relative goods, if “negotiable.”
Consolidation and distribution center. A facility in a trucking company's
system that unloads and consolidates shipments received from both its
smaller terminals and from other breakbulks. This facility may have its
own city operation. Example: Freight destined for Texas from several
New England states will be consolidated at our Stroudsurgh, PA, breakbulk
for forwarding to Texas.
A carrier that performs pickup or delivery in areas that the trucking
company does not service themselves.
- Freight is in the possession of Cartage
Agent, not the trucking company.
- Cartage agents use their own paperwork
while transporting the shipment.
- Diversified Transportation Services
does not track the shipment while it is in the cartage agent's possession.
a trucking company gives a shipment to a cartage agent for delivery,
the shipment is considered to be "delivered" by the online
Cargo Claim —A “Cargo Claim” is a demand made upon
a transportation company for payment due to freight loss or damage
alleged to have occurred while shipment was in the possession of
the terms and conditions the Uniform Bill of Lading, all cargo claims
must be filed within 9 months.
Overcharge Claim—“Overcharge Claims” are demands
upon a transportation company for the refund of an overcharge from
application of rates, weights, and assessment of freight charges.
Any article of commerce. Goods shipped.
The person or place where a shipment will be transferred for the last
time (destination); the individual or organization to whom the
freight is addressed.
Document dated and signed by consignee or its agent at the time
of delivery stating the condition of the goods at delivery.
is returned to the driver for retention at the terminal as
proof of delivery. The customer retains the remaining copy.
Any commodity being transported.
Shipping document that gives a description of the freight,
its weight, amount of charges, taxes, and whether the bill
If bill is prepaid, freight charges are paid by shipper.
If bill is collect, freight charges are paid by the receiver of
Hazardous materials are defined by the U.S. Department
of Transportation in accordance with the Federal Hazardous
Law. A substance
or material may be designated as hazardous if the transportation
material in a particular amount and form poses an unreasonable
risk to health and safety or property.
Hazardous material includes: explosives, radioactive
materials, etiologic agents, flammable or combustible
liquids or solids,
or corrosive materials, and compressed gases. For more
information, go to the U.S. DOT web site at http://hazmat.dot.gov/.
Freight from several shippers loaded onto one trailer.
Each shipment usually weighs less than 10,000 pounds.
LTL is in contrast to truckload in which only one shipment from one
shipper is loaded in a trailer.
The lowest charge for which a shipment will be handled after discount
National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC)
Industry standard tariff published by motor carriers, which contains
rules, descriptions, and rating for all commodities. Used to classify
freight for the purpose of rating the freight bill. More information
about freight classes and the NMFC can be found at http://www.nmfta.org/.
Generally, the shipper is responsible for payment of prepaid shipments
and the consignee is responsible on collect shipment. Payments may also
be handled by a third party indicated as payer on the shipping papers.
An acronym for "progressive rotating order." A PRO number is
assigned to each shipment and serves as a tracking number and a Diversified
Transportation Services invoice number.
Papers accompanying a shipment as it moves through the trucking company's